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Mediterranean Diet Lowers CVD Risk in Prospective Study

Increased adherence to a Mediterranean diet was associated with decreased cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality, according to a prospective study published onlineSeptember 29 in BMC Medicine.

Among healthy individuals with greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet, the risk for incident CVD was 5% to 15% lower than in individuals with poor adherence.

The investigators estimated that 3.9% of all new [CVD] cases or 12.5% of cardiovascular deaths in  UK-based study population could potentially be avoided if this population increased their adherence to the Mediterranean diet.

The findings indicate that adherence to the Mediterranean diet may contribute to a strategy for the primary prevention of CVD in the UK," investigators conclude.